If both are missing, you can also sow pumpkin plants

If both are missing, you can also sow pumpkin plants

But leaves are not just leaves: Read here how to dispose of oak leaves and what you should pay attention to.

Dispose of oak leaves in autumn 

Many garden owners do not know what to do with the question in autumn: What to do with all the leaves that were painstakingly plucked together with revenge. Just put it on the compost? In particular, if you want to dispose of oak leaves, you should be careful: The leaves of this tree contain a high proportion of lignin and tannic acid, which is only slowly broken down. The leaves of the oaks therefore take much longer to completely decompose. Under certain circumstances, the rotting process can even take several years. 

Oak leaves as mulch? 

It is not uncommon for autumn leaves to end up in the garbage, but the crunching amount of leaves can be used in the garden – for example as mulch for some plants in the garden. But is oak leaves, which are difficult to compost, also suitable for this? The North Rhine-Westphalia Chamber of Agriculture warns: If you spread wet leaves in thick layers and simply cover them with earth, you could soon have to deal with odor nuisance caused by rot. In the worst case, the tannins contained in oak leaves can even damage the roots of plants such as the rhododendron. The thick layer of leaves could even cut off any oxygen from the roots, as the air may no longer be able to circulate normally. The consequence of this would be devastating root suffocation.

Better: shred oak leaves for grateful rhododendron fertilizer 

You don’t have to dispose of your oak leaves. The leaves are suitable as organic fertilizer, provided they have been shredded beforehand with the help of a chopper or lawn mower. Then you can put it on the compost with a mixture of easily rotting garden waste and soil. If necessary, add some horn meal, which can accelerate the rotting process of the leaves. About a year later you will get a loose humus from this mixture, which is wonderfully suitable for soil improvement for plants such as the rhododendron.

A compost silo is a container device for collecting compost in the home garden. Garden waste of all kinds, but also kitchen waste (without leftovers!) Can be collected on a so-called compost heap and broken down in a controlled manner with the help of air, bacteria and earthworms. The result is a well-tolerated, organic humus that knows how to treat the home garden effectively in harmony with the environment. You can find more information and tips on how to best create your compost heap here.

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Curb odor and visual nuisance

Many gardeners set up the compost heap in a secluded corner of the garden or behind the garden shed. Such a collection of bushes, leaves and branches is seldom pleasing to the eye. Depending on the level of composting and the composition of the stock, an acrid smell can spread, which is increasingly taking over the neighboring gardens. With a compost silo you can kill two birds with one stone: The compost heap is not directly visible and the unpleasant smell is largely eliminated. As a result, the garden appears tidier and cleaner.

Inexpensive compost silo solutions from the hardware store

Compost silos are now sold in various shapes, sizes and colors in hardware stores and garden centers. A standard version starts at around 50 euros. With regard to the influences of wind and weather, you shouldn’t skimp on material and steadfastness.123helpme.me After the purchase, it is important to find a location in the garden that is as easily accessible as possible and as calm as possible.

If possible, the device should not be on the fence to the neighboring garden. Rather, a remote corner or the aforementioned space behind the garden shed is more suitable. Whenever possible, heating up from sunlight all day should also be avoided, so that shady places under larger trees are also very suitable.

To the garden lexicon: Tips and tricks for your garden design around the house and garden To the plant lexicon: Here you will find information, tips and tricks for your plants from A-Z

Anyone who has trees in their garden knows the problem: a lot of leaves fall in autumn. Of course, simply throwing it away in the garbage can is not possible. The organic material is far too good for that. So off to the compost, many think. Then it becomes good humus soil. But here too you have to consider restrictions. The compost should be filled with leaves up to a maximum of around 20 percent. And not every type of foliage is equally suitable.

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The leaves of some trees only rot slowly. These include oaks, plane trees and walnut trees, explains Michael Dreisvogt, head of the Härle Arboretum Park Foundation in Bonn. "In a dry location, it can take two to three years for the foliage of these trees to turn into humus." Hobby gardeners should therefore not simply put these leaves on the compost in autumn, but rather chop them up beforehand.

Crush leaves with the lawn mower

The expert advises gathering the leaves into strips or piles and then driving over them with the lawnmower. On the compost, the shredded sound should be mixed with other garden waste. Dreisvogt is critical of leaf vacuums, which can often also chop up: "It has the great disadvantage that many living things are killed." The rapid air suction also absorbs microorganisms such as beetles, spiders, millipedes, woodlice and amphibians with the leaves.

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Linden or hornbeam rots quickly

How quickly leaves rot depends on their cell structure and the tannic acid content. The thin-cell foliage of linden or hornbeam, for example, rots more quickly: it rots by the end of November to the beginning of December and is converted into humus in the coming spring.

A few things are essential for compost production: You need a suitable container and the right ingredients. Then, with proper care, you can make your own compost.

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The right container for compost production

The right container is crucial if you want to make compost. If you still have some old boards, you can easily and cheaply build a container yourself. There are also different compost bins to buy in stores. It is important that these are so permeable that earthworms can find their way in and start their work there unhindered. But not only earthworms do their job for the subsequent fertilizer: a large number of microorganisms are also significantly involved.

The right location

The compost prefers a shady place under a hedge or a large tree. If both are missing, you can also sow pumpkin plants. The large leaves provide the necessary shade, the pile does not dry out, and the microbes that have now become active can continue to work unhindered. Compost production is interrupted when the waste becomes too dry. Simple watering helps against this.

The right composition

The correct structure of compostable materials is the secret of successful compost production. Alternately, dry and wet layers are stacked on top of each other. Wet grass clippings can be mixed well with dry wood chips or newspaper. You can even use kitchen roll as long as it is not printed.

If you want to make a good compost, there are some things you must not add: tropical fruits and their peels can mold quickly, meat and cooked foods attract rats. Weeds that contain seeds and fungi are also unsuitable as they will spread further. For best results, the compost should also be turned over every few months.

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Keeping pansies alive in freezing weather? That works, because actually pansies are hardy and perennial. Find out here how you can still enjoy your pansies next year.

Colorful and easy to care for: everything to do with pansies

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It all depends on the variety of pansy

Pansies come in many different varieties. Most of the mass-bred varieties are only annual or biennial, as more emphasis is placed on the color of the flowers in the breeding and sale of the plants than on the fact that the pansies survive in frost. But pansies are naturally perennial and hardy.

Tip: So that your pansies do not die when there is frost, you should seek advice from a specialist nursery and buy varieties that are as resistant as possible so that you can enjoy the flowers for more than one season.

Properly care for pansies in frosty conditions

In order for the early bloomers to continue to grow well in frost, they need the right location. This should be partially shaded to sunny, the soil should absorb moisture well without waterlogging. The addition of compost or horn shavings provides the flowers with the necessary nutrients so that the pansies are strong enough to withstand frost.

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You should also regularly pluck dead flowers so that the plants do not use up energy unnecessarily. If the variety is hardy in your garden, just leave it in place. When the temperature is below zero, pansies close their flowers until the frost period is over.

As a rule, a great deal of heat develops in the compost heap shortly after a lot of fresh organic material has been accumulated. This high temperature is caused by the breakdown of molecules by microorganisms.

How to compost properly

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Energy through composting process

At the beginning of the composting process, microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi are particularly active, which feed on easily degradable substances and multiply strongly within the compost heap. For example, if you decompose carbohydrate molecules, excess energy is created, which is released in the form of heat and can be measured. Fresh cut grass in particular promotes the development of heat due to its rapid decomposition.

Heat in the compost heap

While soil organisms make a decisive contribution to the rise in temperature through the decomposition process, the living conditions for other microorganisms are temporarily made more difficult. The heat in the compost heap also attracts other so-called thermophilic, i.e. heat-loving, microorganisms that feel comfortable at high temperatures – this increases the heat in the compost heap. According to the Bavarian State Office for the Environment, the high temperatures in the compost can last eight to twelve weeks under ideal conditions.

advantages and disadvantages

Especially at the beginning of composting, the high temperatures are necessary for the decomposition process. Temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees Celsius are seen as ideal, as, among other things, they kill harmful organisms and the conversion of the material is promoted. However, the process can easily take on a life of its own if the mixture of compost material is not balanced, so that the temperatures continue to rise. This can be the case, for example, if there is too much fresh grass clippings.

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If the heat in the compost heap builds up to over 80 degrees Celsius, the decomposition rate drops. From 100 degrees Celsius, there is only chemical and no biological degradation of the organic materials.