TB Sequel: Pathogenesis and Risk Factors of Long-term Sequelae of Pulmonary TB
This is an observational cohort study. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients will be enrolled at the time of TB diagnosis and prospectively followed for at least two years after TB-treatment initiation with optional prolonged follow-up. Study visits will be performed in the study clinics or if necessary at the participant's home at pre-defined time points after TB treatment initiation. Clinical assessments, biological sample collections and collection of socio-economic data will be performed according to the pre-defined schedule of events.
The African continent today is emblematic of TB as a global health emergency with little known about the long-term sequelae. It is likely that TB patients from resource-constrained settings, who usually present with more extensive disease, are left with greater lung impairment. This project aims to advance the understanding of the clinical, microbiologic, and host immune factors affecting the long-term sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis; to identify the most important factors that contribute to lung impairment, including the immunological response and genetic predisposition of the host and differences in the biology of the pathogen; to determine occurrence of reversible and irreversible costs and socioeconomic consequences for patients; and to facilitate novel interventions to restore and preserve overall health, well-being and financial protection in patients with TB. The core of the current project is a prospective cohort of up to 1600 patients across four countries (Mozambique, Tanzania, South Africa and The Gambia), enrolled at the time of TB diagnosis, and followed up for at least 2 years. The overall goal of the cohort is to describe and analyse the basis of the long-term clinical consequences of pulmonary TB, with a particular focus on lung injury. The investigators will enroll patients during two years and follow each patient up for at least two years. The project also includes a number of sub-studies: Host-Immunology, Pathogen and Socio-Economic. General laboratory tests and TB specific tests, X-ray, physical examination and cardio-pulmonary assessment will be performed and the obtained clinical data will be recorded in study questionnaires. The investigators will collect and analyse biological specimens (blood, urine and sputum) longitudinally during the period of observation and after all specimens have been stored. In-depth analysis of the host immune response, focusing on potential mechanisms of lung damage, including oxidative injury, proteolytic matrix degradation, and neutrophil-mediated damage, neutrophil-macrophage ratios and markers; and molecular analysis of mycobacterial dynamics and markers in relation to pulmonary and microbiological treatment outcomes, including success, failure, relapse, reinfection and death will be carried out. Socio-economic data, including patient costs, will be collected at the time of TB diagnosis, during treatment, at the end of treatment and during the follow-up period, and analysed to determine how the risk of TB sequelae is linked with the socioeconomic position of the patient, to establish the occurrence of catastrophic costs due to TB and the proportion of patients that resort to potentially irreversible socioeconomic coping strategies. Accurate data source will be maintained and confidentiality will be guaranteed. Data will be analysed according to the statistical plan. Results of the study will be disseminated to all relevant stakeholders through meetings, reports and publications.
- Respiratory Tract Infections
- Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
The Aurum Institute NPC
Unique Study ID